Częstochowa Coat of Arms

armsIn 2020, just before the 800th anniversary of the first written mention of our City, Częstochowa's coat of arms has been revised in order to restore historical symbolism of the official city emblem and to remove elements which are inconsistent with the universal principles of heraldry. The coat of arms was revised by professors of Jan Długosz University – prof. Marceli Antoniewicz (heraldist) and Andrzej Desperak (artist). The design of the new coat of arms, based on its historical version, was accepted by the Heraldic Commision and officialy voted in by the Częstochowa City Council's resolution no. 341.XXV.2020. A digital version was also created to enable its proper presentation regardless of the technique used.

The design of the revised coat of arms was based on iconography of the oldest, Gothic municipal seal created after the city was founded, in the 14th century. Traditionally, the coat of arms depicted city walls with three towers and a gate, as well as heraldic symbols of Ladislaus of Oppeln, who was at that time the ruling prince of Częstochowa. His heraldry included a Piast eagle (Piast is the name of the first ruling dynasty of Poland) and a lion symbolizing his claim on Red Ruthenia.

In 1942 the historical coat of arms was changed by the General Government (temporary occupation government), since the use of White Eagle symbol was forbidden by the German occupants. After the WWII, old heraldry came back to use for a while, until 1992 when some municipal councilors reported the need to change the coat of arms, suggesting the return of the raven as a figure referencing (incorrectly) the Pauline Monastery of Jasna Góra. However, this design did not follow basic heraldic principles concerning the number of colors or municipal attributes used in the old seals. Furthermore, in heraldry the raven is considered to be a symbol of evil and sin. Despite that, the city emblem was accepted and voted in by the City Council in 1992. The Heraldic Commision was created in 1999, so there were no forced regulations concerning heraldry at that time and no way to prevent the change of the historical coat of arms with a golden Piast eagle into a coat of arms with a black raven.   

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